The conservation of fish and wildlife in the United States is a collaborative effort that relies heavily on funding from license and permit sales through state fish and wildlife agencies. Additionally, excise taxes associated with the manufacture and sale of certain products, such as firearms, ammunition, archery equipment, fishing tackle, and boat fuel, play a significant role in funding conservation. These taxes are collected at the manufacturer or importer level and passed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s Wildlife and Sport Fish Restoration Program (USFWS-WSFR) back to the state agencies based on annual license sales and the geographic size of the state. The Wildlife Management Institute (WMI) has long-recognized the importance of these partnerships and has worked diligently to foster better relationships between state fish and wildlife agencies, the USFWS, and the excise tax-paying industry partners.